To summarize, there are almost 200,000 people in federal prison today, and almost half of them (or 48%) are there for drugs. Almost all of them (93%) are men, and the vast majority are young, minority men. The breakdown is 35% Hispanic, 35% black, and 27% white.
Here are the top five types of cases:
- Drugs (48%)
- Guns (19%)
- Immigration (8%)
- Child pornography and sex offenses (7%)
- Major frauds (5.8%)
For fraud cases, the median dollar loss was $800,000, in case you were wondering.
For the drug cases, here’s the breakdown among drugs:
- Methamphetamine (32.8%)
- Powder cocaine (24.2%)
- Crack cocaine (20.9%)
- Heroin (9.5%)
- Marijuana (8.4%)
Finally, the report shows how often people are sentenced below, above, or within the range that’s recommended by the federal sentencing guidelines. Here’s a crash course on the guidelines if you want to know how they work.
- Half were sentenced within the guideline range (50.4%)
- A quarter were sentenced below the range with the government’s support (24.7%)
- One-fifth were sentenced below the range without the government’s support (21%)
- Relatively few were sentenced above the guideline range (3.9%)